How To Grow Seeds
Selecting the right seeds
The most important part of the process of growing a seedling and eventually healthy plant is selecting the right seeds. Not only is it important for the ease of growing, but also for pest and disease resistance. Plant varieties perfect for your area and growing climate is also crucial to the success of a great garden or farm.
Choose Heirloom Varieties
These varieties more natural with true to type seeds that you can grow again with even more success as the genetics adapt to your local conditions. Build on the decades or even longer of selective breeding to get the best taste, largest long term yields and best pest resistance available.Resist using Hybrid varieties
Not only are hybrid varieties not true to type seeds with large genetic differences between the seeds, they also lose their hybrid vigour after the first generation. Buying more seeds will eventually add up and cost you more in the long run sacrificing time that could be spent localising a true heirloom varietal. Unless you have no other way to get something working, avoid hybrids, unless it's something that you just must have!
Where to buy the best seeds in Australia
For food gardening and farming, the best two places are Eden Seeds and Green Harvest. Both are amazing companies that have been in business a very long time and offer quality seeds, great genetics and excellent service. For more difficult to find varieties, you can also try Ebay Auctions & Store.Avoid using GMO
Like most things in life, nature already had the answer and if you push her one way she will push back with equal and opposing force in an effort to stabilise and balance herself. Not only do Genetically Modified Organisms toy with an already clever and perfect system, more importantly they put that very system at risk with with hybridisation of non-GMO crops, leading to a complete failure in nature. Ethically it's irresponsible at best and anyone who has spent enough time in nature will tell you why and I would encourage all those in favour of GMO to have a good look at themselves and ask the question are they bigger than nature and do they really understand the implications of messing with her? Because I suspect nobody of sound mind has a good answer to that question and the risks that we are putting into nature trying to essentially cheat the system are far more grave than it may appear on the surface!
Two of the most important points in the sowing of seed are the proper condition of the ground and the regular and uniform depth at which the seed is sown. Seeds require light, heat, air, and moisture for their germination.
The ground should be light, and in such a condition that the young roots can easily penetrate it, and in all cases should be freshly dug so as to communicate air and moisture: it should be neither too wet nor too dry. The most favourable time for seed-sowing is just before a gentle rain. If sown too early on cold, wet ground, the seed is apt to rot; when sown too shallow in a dry time, there may not be sufficient moisture to cause it to sprout.
The seed should be sown evenly. The size of a seed is a nearly safe guide as to the depth at which it should be sown. For instance, Beans and Peas of all kinds should be sown about a couple of inches deep, while very small flower-seeds merely require to be just covered.
The Protection Of Seeds
In order to protect seeds against birds, insects, and rodents, soak them in water containing 20 or 25 per cent, of mineral oil. Vegetable seeds, such as Haricot Beans and Peas, should be soaked for twelve hours, and the pips of Apples and Pears for double that time. For soaking the finer seeds, bitter liquids, such as that of Quassia and Gentian, should be used.